Questions and answers courtesy of England Squash 

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QUESTION 1
You are a single official acting as both Marker and Referee. After calling a ball ‘Not Up’ during a rally, the player appeals against the call. You change your mind and decide that a ‘Yes Let’ decision is more appropriate. The players opponent then appeals on the grounds that you cannot change your decision.

What is the referees action & why?
As a single official you will act as both Marker and Referee. Any call made by you as the Marker can be appealed against but in your role as Referee you can uphold or change any decision you have previously made as Marker. No appeal is allowed against a referee’s decision.
QUESTION 2
During a match, play is suspended by the referee due to sweating wall surfaces on the court. Eventually play is resumed the next day.

At what score does the match recommence?
 
The match score will stand if recommenced at a later date.
QUESTION 3
On his/her follow through, a player’s racket accidentally slips from his/her hand and hits the opponent who is on the opposite side of the court. The opponent suffers a head injury which is bleeding. The injured player indicates that he/she is prepared to continue the match after receiving treatment.

What is the referees action & why?
Referee would categorise this injury as ‘Opponent Inflicted’ and advise the players and spectators. Because the injured player would require time for treatment, the match would be awarded to him/her. In cases of ‘Opponent Inflicted’ injury the referee has discretion to use any Code of Conduct penalty but can only use penalties less than ‘Conduct Match’ when the player can resume immediately.
QUESTION 4
The server serves from the right box and moves to the T. The ball hits the side and rear walls so that the ball travels behind the receiver, who then plays the ball on his/her forehand in the backhand rear quarter of the court. The ball strikes the server on its way to the front wall.

What is the referees decision & why?
Stroke to Server. Opponent has ‘mentally turned’ by allowing the ball to pass behind and around him/her. By playing and striking his opponent with the ball after turning or mentally turning this is considered dangerous and a stroke is awarded against him/her.
QUESTION 5
After the second game, both players arrive on court after 15 seconds is called by the referee. As the referee calls ‘time’ one player suddenly leaves the court area without saying anything and returns some 35 seconds later stating that he/she had to replace a racket with broken strings.

What is the referees action & why?
Referee would give a Code of Conduct Warning or Penalty. Players must be able to resume play when ‘time’ is called by the referee. A change of equipment is permissible only if the player requests permission to do this and, can also satisfy the referee that there is a genuine need to do so.
QUESTION 6
After throwing the ball into the air, the server becomes off balance and makes no attempt to strike the ball. Is it a fault? If not, why not?

What is the referees decision and why?
No, it is not a fault, as the player was not ‘committed to the shot’. He/she has made no attempt to strike the ball after it has been released.
QUESTION 7
The striker plays at and misses the ball, which then hits the opponent who was standing behind the striker, without crowding. The striker runs back for another attempt, which would have been possible.

What is the referees decision and why?
Let, as the player would have been able to recover and get to the ball and return it to the front wall on the second attempt had the ball not hit the opponent.
QUESTION 8
During the first game, a player suffers a bleeding nose. There has been no contact or cause from the opponent. What does the referee announce to the audience? How long does the player have to recover? If after recovery play should resume and later the nose starts to bleed again, how long would the player have to recover?

What is the referees decision and why?
Bleeding – unlimited time is allowed to stop bleeding for the first instance. Any repeat however has no time permitted. The player must concede the current game and take 90 seconds interval. If they are not ready to play on they must then concede that match. No bleeding or blood stained clothes are allowed on court
QUESTION 9
If, after having missed the ball initially and then made a further attempt, a player hits the opponent with the ball which might or might not be a good return, what call, if any, should the marker make and what happens next?
 
Marker calls ‘not up’. If the referee considers the return may or would have been good, Yes Let. If the return would not have been good, opponent wins rally
QUESTION 10
The server serves quickly before the receiver is ready to take the service, then collects the ball and moves quickly to the other service box. The receiver plays no stroke and appeals claiming not to have been ready. What action would the referee take?
Retake serve from correct side (yes let).
QUESTION 11
A player stops playing and claims that noise from outside the court has caused a distraction. What action would the referee take?
Decide whether there was such a distraction.
If so, Yes Let
QUESTION 12
A player hits a good length shot that lodges in the nick between the rear and sidewall. What is the referee’s decision?
Yes Let.